Blood Res 2019; 54(4): 242-242  https://doi.org/10.5045/br.2019.54.4.242
Recurred breast cancer presenting with autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Joowon Park
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Korea
Correspondence to: Joowon Park, M.D., Department of Laboratory Medicine, Dankook University College of Medicine, 201 Manghyang-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan 31116, Korea, E-mail: joowon@dankook.ac.kr
Received: August 22, 2019; Revised: August 26, 2019; Accepted: September 20, 2019; Published online: December 31, 2019.
© The Korean Journal of Hematology. All rights reserved.

cc This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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A 61-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with lower back pain. Seven years ago, she had undergone modified radical mastectomy of the right breast due to invasive ductal carcinoma. Her blood cell counts on admission were as follows: WBC, 5.3×109/L (neutrophils 54%, lymphocytes 33%, monocytes 9%, eosinophils 3%, basophils 1%); Hb, 7.8 g/dL; platelets, 127×109/L; and absolute reticulocyte count, 262×109/L. A direct Coombs' test was positive for IgG, suggesting warm antibody autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). Peripheral blood smear showed polychromasia and spherocytosis (A, wright stain, ×1,000, arrow). Bone marrow (BM) biopsy revealed multiple deposits of atypical mononuclear cells (B, H&E stain, ×200), which showed positivity for cytokeratin 7 (C, CK7 stain, ×200) and negativity for cytokeratin 20 (D, CK20 stain, ×200). The carbohydrate antigen 15–3 level was elevated at 118.8 U/mL (0–30 U/mL). Recurrence of the underlying cancer was suspected on subsequent positron emission tomography–computed tomography. Based on these findings, a diagnosis of BM metastasis of invasive ductal carcinoma clinically from breast was made. As AIHA is rarely associated with solid tumors, detection of autoantibodies is important for a proper treatment of the underlying disease. It has been suggested that induction of the release of inflammatory mediators, such as interleukins, causes immune-mediated hemolysis in cancer patients.



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