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  • REVIEW 2024-02-13

    0 93 24

    Abstract : Genomic structural variations in myeloid, lymphoid, and plasma cell neoplasms can provide key diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic information while elucidating the underlying disease biology. Several molecular diagnostic approaches play a central role in evaluating hematological malignancies. Traditional cytogenetic diagnostic assays, such as chromosome banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization, are essential components of the current diagnostic workup that guide clinical care for most hematologic malignancies. However, each assay has inherent limitations, including limited resolution for detecting small structural variations and low coverage, and can only detect alterations in the target regions. Recently, the rapid expansion and increasing availability of novel and comprehensive genomic technologies have led to their use in clinical laboratories for clinical management and translational research. This review aims to describe the clinical relevance of structural variations in hematologic malignancies and introduce genomic technologies that may facilitate personalized tumor characterization and treatment.

  • RESEARCH 2024-02-19

    0 79 16

    Adding MYC/BCL2 double expression to NCCN‑IPI may not improve prognostic value to an acceptable level

    Naree Warnnissorn, Nonglak Kanitsap, Pimjai Niparuck, Paisarn Boonsakan, Prapasri Kulalert, Wasithep Limvorapitak, Lantarima Bhoopat, Supawee Saengboon, Chinnawut Suriyonplengsaeng, Pichika Chantrathammachart, Teeraya Puavilai and Suporn Chuncharunee

    Blood Res (2024) 59:2

    Abstract : Background MYC/BCL2 double expression (DE) is associated with poor prognosis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) receiving rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP). This study aimed to determine whether the addition of DE to the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Internal Prognostic Index (NCCN-IPI) could improve the prediction of disease progression in patients with DLBCL treated with R-CHOP.
    Methods This confirmatory prognostic factor study retrospectively recruited patients with newly diagnosed DLBCL between January 1, 2014, and January 31, 2018, at Ramathibodi Hospital (RA) and Thammasat University Hospital (TU). The follow-up period ended on July 1, 2022. Tumors expressing MYC ≥ 40% and BCL2 ≥ 50% were classified as DE. We calculated the hazard ratios (HR) for progression-free survival (PFS) from the date of diagnosis to refractory disease, relapse, or death. Discrimination of the 5-year prediction was based on Cox models using Harrell’s concordance index (c-index).
    Results A total of 111 patients had DE (39%), NCCN-IPI (8%), and disease progression (46%). The NCCN-IPI adjusted HR of DE was 1.6 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.9–2.8; P = 0.117). The baseline NCCN-IPI c-index was 0.63. Adding DE to the NCCN-IPI slightly increased Harrell’s concordance index (c-index) to 0.66 (P = 0.119).
    Conclusions Adding DE to the NCCN-IPI may not improve the prognostic value to an acceptable level in resourcelimited settings. Multiple independent confirmatory studies from a large cohort of lymphoma registries have provided additional evidence for the clinical utility of DE.

  • RESEARCH 2024-02-19

    0 73 14

    Real‑world incidence and risk factors of bortezomib‑related cardiovascular adverse events in patients with multiple myeloma

    Bitna Jang, Jonghyun Jeong, Kyu‑Nam Heo, Youngil Koh and Ju‑Yeun Lee

    Blood Res (2024) 59:3

    Abstract : Background Although most studies on the cardiovascular toxicity of proteasome inhibitors have focused on carfilzomib, the risk of cardiotoxicity associated with bortezomib remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of cardiovascular adverse events (CVAEs) associated with bortezomib in patients with multiple myeloma in a real-world setting.
    Methods This cross-sectional study included patients who were treated with bortezomib at a tertiary hospital in South Korea. CVAEs, defined as hypertension, arrhythmia, heart failure, myocardial infarction, pulmonary arterial hypertension, angina, and venous thromboembolism, were detected using cardiac markers, ECG, echocardiography, medications, or documentation by clinicians. The patients were observed for at least 6 months and up to 2 years after starting bortezomib administration.
    Results Among the 395 patients, 20.8% experienced CVAEs of any grade, and 14.7% experienced severe adverse events. The median onset time for any CVAE was 101.5 days (IQR, 42–182 days), and new-onset/worsened hypertension was the most prevalent CVAE. The risk of CVAEs increased in patients with a body mass index lower than 18.5 (adjusted HR (aHR) 3.50, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05-11.72), light chain (1.80, 1.04-3.13), and IgD (4.63, 1.06-20.20) as the multiple myeloma subtype, baseline stroke (4.52, 1.59-12.80), and hypertension (1.99, 1.23-3.23). However, CVAEs did not significantly affect the 2-year overall survival and progression-free survival.
    Conclusion Approximately 15% of the Korean patients treated with bortezomib experienced severe CVAEs. Thus, patients, especially those with identified risk factors, should be closely monitored for CVAE symptoms during bortezomib treatment.

  • RESEARCH 2024-02-19

    0 27 12

    Upregulation of lnc‑FOXD2‑AS1, CDC45, and CDK1 in patients with primary non‑M3 AML is associated with a worse prognosis

    Saba Manoochehrabadi, Morteza Talebi, Hossein Pashaiefar, Soudeh Ghafouri‑Fard, Mohammad Vaezi, Mir Davood Omrani and Mohammad Ahmadvand

    Blood Res (2024) 59:4

    Abstract : Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous hematologic malignancy with an unfavorable outcome. The present research aimed to identify novel biological targets for AML diagnosis and treatment. In this study, we performed an in-silico method to identify antisense RNAs (AS-RNAs) and their related co-expression genes. GSE68172 was selected from the AML database of the Gene Expression Omnibus and compared using the GEO2R tool to find DEGs. Antisense RNAs were selected from all the genes that had significant expression and a survival plot was drawn for them in the GEPIA database, FOXD2-AS1 was chosen for further investigation based on predetermined criteria (logFC ≥|1| and P < 0.05) and its noteworthy association between elevated expression level and a marked reduction in the overall survival (OS) in patients diagnosed with AML. The GEPIA database was utilized to investigate FOXD2- AS1-related co-expression and similar genes. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis and gene ontology (GO) function analysis of the mentioned gene lists were performed using the DAVID database. The protein–protein interaction (PPI) network was then constructed using the STRING database. Hub genes were screened using Cytoscape software. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted using the GEPIA database to explore the relationship between FOXD2-AS1 and the hub genes. The transcription of the selected coding and non-coding genes, including FOXD2-AS1, CDC45, CDC20, CDK1, and CCNB1, was validated in 150 samples, including 100 primary AML non-M3 blood samples and 50 granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mobilized healthy donors, using quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR). qRT-PCR results displayed significant upregulation of lnc-FOXD2-AS1, CDC45, and CDK1 in primary AML non-M3 blood samples compared to healthy blood samples (P = 0.0032, P = 0.0078, and P = 0.0117, respectively). The expression levels of CDC20 and CCNB1 were not statistically different between the two sets of samples (P = 0.8315 and P = 0.2788, respectively). We identified that AML patients with upregulation of FOXD2-AS1, CDK1, and CDC45 had shorter overall survival (OS) and Relapse-free survival (RFS) compared those with low expression of FOXD2-AS1, CDK1, and CDC45. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed the potential biomarkers of lnc -FOXD2-AS1, CDC45, and CDK1 in primary AML non-M3 blood samples. This research proposed that the dysregulation of lnc-FOXD2-AS1, CDC45, and CDK1 can contribute to both disease state and diagnosis as well as treatment. The present study proposes the future evolution of the functional role of lnc-FOXD2-AS1, CDC45, and CDK1 in AML development.

Blood Res
Volume 59 2024

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pISSN 2287-979X
eISSN 2288-0011
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