Blood Res 2019; 54(2): 85-85  https://doi.org/10.5045/br.2019.54.2.85
Simultaneous presentation of plasma cell myeloma and hairy cell leukemia
Giovanni Carulli, Paola Sammuri, Virginia Ottaviano
Division of Haematology, University of Pisa, Santa Chiara Hospital, Pisa, Italy
Correspondence to: Giovanni Carulli, M.D.,
Division of Haematology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Via Roma 67, 56126 Pisa, Italy, E-mail: g.carulli@ao-pisa.toscana.it
Received: September 6, 2018; Revised: September 24, 2018; Accepted: September 28, 2018; Published online: June 30, 2019.
© The Korean Journal of Hematology. All rights reserved.

cc This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 

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A 70-year-old Caucasian man was referred to our hospital because of pancytopenia. His peripheral blood count showed the following: hemoglobin level, 10.0 g/dL; white blood cells, 3×103/µL; neutrophils, 1×103/µL; lymphocytes, 1.9×103/µL; monocytes, 0.1×103/µL; and platelets, 80×103/µL. Blood chemistry analysis revealed 3 g/dL of monoclonal protein [immunoglobulin G (IgG) lambda]. Bone marrow aspirate showed infiltration by 20% plasma cells and 10% lymphocytes with hairy morphology (A–D, arrows). Immunophenotyping using a 6–8 color method showed the presence of two clones: 1) plasma cells with restriction for cytoplasmic immunoglobulin lambda light chains (E, F, green dots) and 2) B-lymphocytes [cluster of differentiation (CD)19+, CD20+] with immunophenotypic features of classic hairy cell leukemia (CD103+, CD25+, CD11c+, CD200+) (G, H, blue dots) with restriction for surface immunoglobulin lambda light chains (not shown). The BRAFV600E mutation was detected in the bone marrow aspirate sample, and bone marrow trephine biopsy was consistent with the above findings. Therefore, he was diagnosed with simultaneous IgG lambda plasma cell myeloma and classic hairy cell leukemia. The association of plasma cell myeloma and hairy cell leukemia, either synchronous or metachronous, has rarely been reported. In such cases, immunophenotyping with multiparameter flow cytometry is useful to detect hairy cells.



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