Endothelıal nıtrıc oxide synthase Glu298asp gene polymorphism in the cases of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Saadet Akarsu1, F. Necati Arslan2, Deniz Erol3
1Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Firat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazig, 2Department of Pediatrics, Kahramanmaraş State Hospital, Kahramanmaraş, 3Medical Genetic, Firat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazig, Turkey
Correspondence to: Saadet Akarsu, M.D.
Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Firat University Faculty of Medicine, Fırat Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi, Elazig 23119, Turkey
E-mail: aksaadet@yahoo.com
Published online: August 3, 2022.
© The Korean Journal of Hematology. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Background: Nitric oxide (NO) can induce apoptosis in megakaryocytes. Stimulatory function of NO on platelet production may be important in the pathophysiology of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). NO is produced by three isoforms of NO synthase (NOS). The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) isoform has been detected in platelets. Polymorphism of the eNOS gene, which supplies NO synthesis, changes the functions of this enzyme. In this study, the role of eNOS Glu298Asp gene polymorphism in etiopathogenesis, its course, and treatment of ITP was investigated.
Methods: Sixty-six patients [51 newly diagnosed ITP (ND-ITP), 15 chronic ITP (CH-ITP), and 60 healthy controls (HC)] were enrolled in this study.
Results: In all patients, the frequency of the GT genotype was 48.5%. The frequency of the GG genotype was determined to be 40.9% and the TT genotype was 10.6%. The most common allele in all patients was the G allele. eNOS Glu298Asp gene polymorphism might be a risk factor in the etiopathogenesis of ITP. Patients with the GG genotype were thought to have a high intention for CH-ITP. Patients with the GG genotype responded effectively to medical treatment using IVIG therapy. The presence of the G allele was observed to have a positive effect on the medical treatment of patients with CH-ITP, whereas the T allele exhibited a negative effect.
Conclusion: In the present study, a significant correlation was found between ITP and eNOS Glu298Asp gene polymorphism. This correlation suggested that eNOS Glu298Asp gene polymorphism might be a risk factor in the ethiopathogenesis of ITP.
Keywords: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), Glu298Asp gene, polymorphism


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