Impact of using genotyping to predict SERF negative phenotype in Thai blood donor populations
Oytip Nathalang1, Kamphon Intharanut1, Nipapan Leetrakool2, Supattra Mitundee3, Pawinee Kupatawintu4
1Graduate Program in Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, Pathumtani, 2Blood Bank Section, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 3Regional Blood Centre 12th Songkhla, Thai Red Cross Society, Songkhla, 4National Blood Centre, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok, Thailand
Correspondence to: Oytip Nathalang, Ph.D.
Graduate Program in Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Thammasat University, Pathumtani 12120, Thailand
E-mail: oytipntl@hotmail.com
Published online: May 14, 2020.
© The Korean Journal of Hematology. All rights reserved.

Abstract
Background : SERF(+) is a high prevalence antigen in the Cromer blood group system that is encoded by a CROM*01.12 allele. The SERF(–) on red cells is caused by a single nucleotide variation, c.647C>T, in exon 5 of the Decay-accelerating factor DAF gene. Alloanti-SERF was found in a pregnant Thai woman, and a SERF(–) individual was found among Thai blood donors. Since anti- SERF is commercially unavailable, this study aimed to develop appropriate genotyping methods for CROM*01.12 and CROM*01.–12 alleles and predict the SERF(–) phenotype in Thai blood donors.
Methods: DNA samples obtained from 1,580 central, 300 northern, and 427 southern Thai blood donors were genotyped for CROM*01.12 and CROM*01.–12 allele detection using in-house PCR with sequence-specific primer (PCR-SSP) confirmed by DNA sequencing.
Results: Validity of the PCR-SSP genotyping results agreed with DNA sequencing; CROM*01.12/CROM*01.12 was the most common (98.42%, 98.00%, and 98.59%), followed by CROM*01.12/CROM*01.–12 (1.58%, 2.00%, and 1.41%) among central, northern, and southern Thais, respectively. CROM*01.–12/CROM*01.–12 was not detected in all three populations. The alleles found in central Thais did not significantly differ from those found in northern and southern Thais.
Conclusion: This study is the first to distinguish the predicted SERF phenotypes from genotyping results obtained using in-house PCR-SSP, confirming that the CROM*01.–12 allele frequency ranged from 0.007 to 0.010 in three Thai populations. This helps identify the SERF(–) phenotype among donors and patients, ultimately preventing adverse transfusion reactions.
Keywords: Cromer blood group system, SERF negative phenotype, Genotyping, Thais


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