Blood Res 2014; 49(2): 84
Osteomalacia and myelofibrosis as a manifestation of vitamin D deficiency
Il-Geun Song, and Chan-Jeoung Park*

Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine and Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Correspondence to: Correspondence to Chan-Jeoung Park, M.D., Ph.D., Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine and Asan Medical Center, 88, Olympic-ro 43-gil, Songpa-gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea,
Published online: June 25, 2014.
© The Korean Journal of Hematology. All rights reserved.

cc This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Vitamin D depletion may lead to metabolic bone diseases, including osteomalacia and myelofibrosis. A 23-month-old girl received a jejunum tapering and anastomosis for small bowel atresia after birth. She was diagnosed as having short bowel syndrome at Asan Medical Center after admission for recurrent vomiting. A Broviac catheter was inserted for parenteral nutrition following discharge. During another hospitalization, she complained of a hip pain. The radiologist interpreted the magnetic resonance image as bone marrow (BM) metastasis of a small round cell tumor or hematologic malignancy. BM study showed no malignant cells, but BM biopsy revealed prominently increased osteoblasts (A, hematoxylin and eosin [H&E] stain, ×400), abnormal osteoid production (B, H&E stain, ×400), consistent with osteomalacia, and focal myelofibrosis (C, Masson's trichrome stain, ×400; D, reticulin stain, ×400). The laboratory test results were as follows: normal serum calcium (9.0 mg/dL), phosphorus (3.6 mg/dL), alkaline phosphatase (341 IU/L); high parathyroid hormone (PTH) (35.6 pg/mL); low 25-OH-vitamin D3 (1.5 ng/mL), and low 1 alpha, 25-(OH)2-vitamin D3 (71.9 pg/mL). After 2 weeks of vitamin D treatment, PTH decreased to 10.6 pg/mL, and 25-OH-vitamin D3 and 1 alpha, 25-(OH)2-vitamin D3 increased to 13.0 ng/mL and 84.4 pg/mL respectively, which are normal.


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