1Department of Hematology and Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
2Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Subsequently, the patient was lost to follow-up, but 7 months later, he visited the emergency room with a high-grade fever with chills and rigors, altered sensorium, and irrelevant talking. On examination, he had neck rigidity, a positive Kernig sign, and right lower limb monoparesis along with hepatosplenomegaly. A computed tomographic scan of his head and cerebrospinal fluid examination were normal. Blood and urine bacterial cultures were sterile. At this time, the hemogram revealed anemia (hemoglobin level, 6.0 g/dL), thrombocytopenia (19×109/L), and leukocytosis (63.5×109/L) with a differential similar to that obtained 7 months previously. A bone marrow aspirate also revealed a picture similar to that of the previous marrow aspirate. The striking finding noticed at the time of peripheral blood and marrow evaluation was the presence of intracytoplasmic yeast forms (within neutrophils) conforming to
We present this case because this patient highlights an unusual morphological coexistence of a neoplastic and infective disorder . A predisposing factor might have been the dysplastic neutrophils with defective phagocytic and microbicidal activity . The case illustrates the importance of morphology in the era of genomics as well as the value of close interdisciplinary cooperation in diagnostic hematology. It also reinforces the dictum that hematopathologists must always stay on the alert for uncommon infections in unusual specimens, especially in tropical countries.