Blood Res 2019; 54(2): 125-130
The top 10 things to know about transfusion medicine before intern year: an evidence-based course for graduating medical students 
Alexis R. Peedin*, Irina Perjar, Marshall A. Mazepa, Marian A. Rollins-Raval#, Yara A. Park, Jay S. Raval#
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Correspondence to: Alexis R. Peedin, M.D.
Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 111 South 11th St., Room 8220, Gibbon Building, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
Received: January 29, 2019; Accepted: March 8, 2019; Published online: June 30, 2019.
© The Korean Journal of Hematology. All rights reserved.

cc This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Transfusion medicine (TM) knowledge varies widely among physician trainees. In addition, there have been few instances in which curricular changes have been meaningfully assessed for TM education in medical school.
We created and presented a novel lecture to improve TM knowledge for graduating medical students using eight objectives designed to reinforce critical information about blood management. Each objective was coded according to unique color schemes, fonts, and graphics to create visual associations while quickly and clearly presenting complex concepts. The validated BEST Collaborative exam was used to measure changes in student TM knowledge, while a survey was conducted to gauge changes in confidence for each objective. Students were asked to submit anonymous feedback about their experiences.
The mean student post-course exam score was 50.0%, while the pre-course baseline score was 27.5% (P<0.0001). Mean confidence levels increased significantly for all objectives. Student feedback was universally positive.
This study improved knowledge and confidence for graduating medical students by utilizing engaging and visually stimulating presentations to display high-impact TM material. However, further efforts are needed to optimize learning.
Keywords: Education, Medical student, Transfusion, Residency


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