Blood Res 2016; 51(4): 223-223  https://doi.org/10.5045/br.2016.51.4.223
Complex cytogenetics in a patient with mixed-phenotype acute leukemia
Huma Mansoori*, and Anila Rashid

Department of Pathology and Microbiology, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.

Correspondence to: Correspondence to Huma Mansoori, M.D., Department of Pathology and Microbiology, The Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan, huma.omair1986@gmail.com
Received: July 6, 2015; Revised: July 16, 2015; Accepted: July 30, 2015; Published online: December 23, 2016.
© The Korean Journal of Hematology. All rights reserved.

cc This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 

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A 35-year-old woman had 2-month history of fever and bone pain, with an 8-kg weight loss in one month. Physical examination revealed 7-cm palpable spleen (splenomegaly). On admission, her hemoglobin level was 13.4 g/dL, white blood cell count was 144×109/L, and platelet count was 71×109/L. Bone marrow biopsy showed diffuse infiltration with blast cells. However, two populations of blast cells was observed; one population was large-sized, had abundant granular cytoplasm, and a few had Auer rods; the other population was comprised of medium-sized blast cells with scant and agranular cytoplasm (A). Flow cytometry was performed. Gating on CD45-positive cells revealed: TdT, 84%; CD79a, 79%; CD13, 68%; CD33, 88%; cMPO, 60%; and CD34, 96%. This cell population was negative for CD3, CD5, CD7, IgM, Kappa and Lambda. Bone marrow cytogenetics showed a complex karyotype in which t(9;22) and trisomies 8, 10, 17, and 21 were present (B). The diagnosis of mixed-phenotype acute leukemia with t(9;22) was made. Induction chemotherapy included vincristine, daunorubicin, cytarabine, cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and imatinib; however, she died due to neutropenic sepsis after induction. Mixed-phenotype acute leukemia accounts for 3–5% of all cases of acute leukemia and is associated with a worse outcome.



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